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New Castle County ~ Justice of Peace

Dedimus Potestatem.1 On the 10th of April, 1756, the following persons were appointed to administer the oath of office to persons in the counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex, and to civil and military officers.

New Castle - Jacob Von Bebber, William Armstrong, Richard McWilliams and David Bush.
Kent - Benjamin Chew, John Vining, John Brinckloe, Andrew Caldwell, John Gooding and Theodore Maurice.
Sussex - Jacob Kollock, John Clowes, Thomas Till, Benjamin Burton and Sheppard Kollock.

New Castle County

B. McWilliams, October 24, 1774
George Read, October 24, 1774
Gunning Bedford, March 8, 1777
Richard McWilliams, March 8, 1777
James Booth, March 8, 1777
George Bead, October 9, 1797
James Booth, October 9, 1797
Kenney Johns, October 9, 1797
Archibald Alexander, February 2, 1802
Joseph Tatlow, February 2, 1802
John Bird, February 2, 1802
Kensey Johns, February 16, 1805
James Booth, February 15, 1806
Iran Thomas, February 16, 1805
Joseph Tatlow, February 15, 1805
James Booth, March 26, 1806
Evan Thomas, March 26, 1806
Keneey Johua, March 26, 1806
Samuel Barr, March 26, 1806
James B. Black, February 2, 1811
Daniel Blaney, February 2, 1811
John Crow, February 2, 1811
James B. Black, August 13, 1814
Evan Thomas, August 13, 1814
James Booth, Jr, August 13, 1814
Kenesy Johns Jr, August 13, 1814

Justice of the Peace

The justices of the peace were magistrates of the court until after Delaware became a State.

But little has been ascertained of the Swedish and Dutch courts. Trials of small cases were conducted by the Vice-Director and his Council, and although the English came into possession in 1664, there is no mention of magistrates until April 21, 1668, when Governor Richard Nicolls appointed Hans Blocq, Israel Helme, Peter Rambo, Peter Cock and Peter Alrichs to be magistrates on the Delaware, then embracing Upland, New Castle and Whorekill. On April 9, 1672, Captain Walter Wharton was appointed a justice. Upon the recapture of the territory from the Dutch by the English in 1674, the following persons were appointed magistrates on the Delaware for New Castle: Hans Blocq, John Moll, F. Outhout, Joseph Chew, Dirck Alberts. For the river (Upland): Peter Cock, Peter Rambo, Israel Helm, Lars Andriessen and Walla Sweinsen.

Upon a reorganization of the court under Governor Andros at New Castle, October 10, 1676, there were chosen John Moll, Henry Ward, William Tom, Garrett Otto, Ffopp Outhout and Jean Paul Jacquett.

The following are dates of commission or appearance at court:

Peter Alrichs September 23, 1677
William Wharton September 23, 1677
Johannes de Uses October 26, 1678
William Semple October 26, 1678
Abraham Mann October 26, 1678
John Cann November 2, 1682
James Walliam January 1, 1683
Casparus Herman August 7, 1683
William Webb December 4, 1683
John Williams December 4, 1683
Henry Williams, December 4, 1683
Valentine Hollingsworth June 17, 1684
Peter Alrichs October 22, 1684
Robert Owen October 22, 1684
Edmund Cantwell October 22, 1684
Abraham Mann October 22, 1684
John Owen April, 1686
Peter Alrichs April, 1686
Richard Owen April, 1685
Johannes de Haes, April, 1686
James Williams April, 1686
Hendrick Williams April, 1686
Valentine Hollingsworth April, 1685
Edward Green April, 1686
William Guest April, 1686
Hendrick Leman April, 1686
William Stockdale July 29, 1686
Cornelius Empson July 29, 1686
Edward Blake February, 1688
John Fforat. February, 1688
Charles Rumsey February, 1688
John Richardson February, 1688
Peter Alrichs May 16, 1690
John Cann May 16, 1690
William Stockdale May 16, 1690
Edward Blake May 16, 1690
Cornelius Empson, May 16, 1690
Johannes De Haes, May 16, 1690
Peter Bainton May 16, 1690
Charles Rumsey, May 16, 1690
Robert Ashton May 16, 1690
John Hayley May 16, 1690
Henry Williams, May 16, 1600
John Richardson June 8, 1696
John Donoldson, June 8, 1696
John Houson June 8, 1696
John Williams June 8, 1695
Adam Peterson June 8, 1695
Charles Springer November 10, 1714
Wessels Alrichs November 10, 1714
Sylvester Garland November 10, 1714
Robert Gordon August 6, 1726
Joseph England August 5, 1726
Charles Springer August 5, 1726
John Richardson August 5, 1726
James James August 5, 1726
William Battell Augusts, 1726
David Evans August 5, 1726
Andrew Peterson August 5, 1726
Ebenezer Empson Augusts, 1726
Hans Hanson August 5, 1726
James Dyre August 5, 1726
Samuel Kirk Augusts, 1726
Richard Grafton August 6, 1726
Simon Hadley Augusts. 1726
David Hanson April 20, 1727
William Read April 20, 1727
Thomas January April 20, 1727
James James, Jr April 20, 1727
Richard Cantwell April 20, 1727
Joseph Robinson: April 20, 1727
James Armitage April 20, 1727
Samuel Grubb. October 7, 1727
David French December 12, 1727
William Bead. October 4, 1735
Thomas Noxon 1736
Adam Buckley 1736
John Richardson October 28, 1738
Andrew Peterson October 28, 1738
Hans Hansen October 28, 1738
Simon Hadley October 28, 1738
James Armitage October 28, 1738
Richard Cantwell October 28, 1738
Thomas James October 28, 1738
John Finney October 28, 1738
John Curtis October 28, 1738
Thomas Noxon October 28, 1738
Adam Buckley October 28, 1738
William Shaw April 26, 1739
John Richardson May 11, 1747
William Till May II, 1747
Simon Hadley May 11. 1747
James Armitage May 11, 1747
Thomas James May 11, 1747
John Finney May 11, 1747
Abraham Gooding May 11, 1747
David Bush May 11, 1747
Joseph Way May 11, 1747
Jacob Van Bebber May 11, 1747
Jacob Gooding May 11, 1747
William Patterson May 11, 1747
David Witherspoon May 11, 1747
Thomas Robinson May 11, 1747
Benj. Swett May 11, 1747
Henry Dyer May 11, 1747
Jacob Van Bebber June 5, 1756
John Finney June 6, 1756
Thomas James June 6, 1756
Jacob Gooding June 6, 1756
William Patterson June 5, 1756
David Witherspoon June 6, 1756
Thomas Robinson June 6, 1756
William Armstrong June 6, 1756
Evan Rice June 6, 1756
David Bush June 5, 1756
James McMeehan June 6, 1756
John Jones June 6, 1756
William Williams June 6, 1756
Adam Peterson June 6, 1756
Richard McWilliams June 6, 1756
Evan Rice October 23, 1761
Thomas James October 23, 1761
William Patterson October 23, 1761
William Armstrong October 23, 1761
John Jones October 23, 1761
William Williams October 23, 1761
Richard McWilliams October 23, 1761
John Stapler October 23, 1761
David Finney October 23, 1761
Thomas Cooch October 23, 1761
James Latimer October 23, 1761
Thomas McKim October 23, 1761
Jacob Peterson October 23, 1761
John Evans October 23, 1761
Thomas Tobin October 23, 1761
Evan Rice November 1, 1764
James W. Patterson November 1, 1764
William Armstrong November 1, 1764
John Jones November 1, 1764
William Williams November, 1764
Richard McWilliams November 1, 1764
John Stapler November 1, 1764
David Finney November 1, 1764
Thomas Cooch November 1, 1764
James Latimer November 1, 1764
Thomas McKim November 1, 1764
Jacob Patterson November, 1764
John Evans November 1, 1764
Thomas Tobin November 1, 1764
Theodore Maurice November 1, 1764
Thomas McKean July 10, 1765
Evan Rice October 28, 1769
Thomas James October 28, 1769
William Patterson October 28, 1769
William Armstrong October 28, 1769
John Jones October 28, 1769
William Williams October 28, 1769
John Stapler October 28, 1769
David Finney October 28, 1769
Thomas Cooch October 28. 1769
James Latimer October 28, 1769
Thomas McKim October 28, 1769
Jacob Peterson October 28, 1769
John Evans October 28, 1769
Thomas Tobin October 28, 1769
Theodore Maurice October 28, 1769
Thomas McKean October 28, 1769
Benjamin Noxon October 28, 1769
John Malcolm October 28, 1769
Thomas James April 10, 1773
William Patterson April 10, 1773
William Armstrong April 10, 1773
John Jones April 10, 1773
William Williams April 10, 1773
John Stapler April 10, 1773
David Finney April 10, 1773
Thomas Cooch April 10, 1773
James Latimer April 10, 1773
Thomas McKim April 10, 1773
Jacob Peterson April 10, 1773
John Evans April 10, 1773
Theodore Maurice April 10, 1773
Thomas McKean April 10, 1773
Benjamin Noxon, April 10, 1773
John Malcolm April 10. 1773
George Craighead April 10, 1773
Richard Cantwell April 10, 1773
Samuel Patterson October 24, 1774
David Finney March 3, 1777
Thomas James March 3, 1777
Richard Cantwell March 3, 1777
George Craighead March 3, 1777
Samuel Patterson March 3, 1777
George Evans March 3, 1777
John Lea March 3, 1777
Valentine Dusbane March 3, 1777
Robert Bryan March 3, 1777
John Meries March 3, 1777
Evan Rice March 3, 1777
William Alfree March 3, 1777
George Latimer June 8, 1778
James Black June 8, 1778
Isaac Lewis June 8, 1778
Peter Hyatt June 8, 1778
Joshua Clayton June 8, 1778
William Clark June 8, 1778
Henry Forster June 8, 1778
John Crawford June 8, 1778
John James June 30, 1783
Thomas Duff June 30, 1783
Andrew Gibson June 30, 1783
William Robeson June 30, 1783
George Craighead April 26, 1784
John Lea April 26, 1784
Robert Bryan April 26, 1784
William Alfree April 26, 1784
James Booth April 26, 1784
Jacob Broom April 12, 1786
David Howell April 12, 1786
John Hyatt April 4, 1787
John Read April 4, 1787
Isaac Grantham April 4, 1787
Thomas Evans April 4, 1787
Thomas Wilson July 1, 1788
Joseph Tatlow July 1, 1788
Philip Reading July 1, 1778
Gunning Bedford January 24, 1789
William McMechen January 24, 1789
John James November 9, 1790
Thomas Duff November 9, 1790
Joseph Bums December 1, 1794
John Reynolds December 21, 1797
William Williams March 25, 1799
Gideon Emory October 11, 1800
John Hyatt October 11, 1880
Mathew Aiken October 11, 1800
Daniel Blaney February 9, 1801
Alexander MacBeth February 9, 1801
Robert Hamilton June 4, 1801
Evan Thomas December 4, 1801
Joseph Bums December 4, 1801
William Carpenter January 16, 1802
Evan Rice and Richard McWilliams appointed to try Negroes February 26, 1763, Reappointed May 26, 1764

New Castle County

Footnote:
1. In law, dedimus potestatem (Latin for "we have given the power") is a writ whereby commission is given to one or more private persons for the expedition of some act normally performed by a judge. It is also called delegatio. It is granted most commonly upon the suggestion that a party, who is to do something before a judge or in a court, is too weak to travel.

Source: History of Delaware, 1609-1888, Volume I, by J. Thomas Scharf, L. J. Richards & Company, Philadelphia, 1888.

 
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